Exercise prevents bone loss after bariatric surgical operation

Women with intense obesity who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgical procedure followed by means of a 6-month recreation software did no longer event the bone loss followed in similar ladies who underwent gastric bypass followed via regular care, according to findings published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Bruno Gualano
“Exercise education is a applicable, simple, therapeutic tool to mitigate bone loss in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgical procedure,” Bruno Gualano, PhD, an companion professor in exercise physiology with the School of Medicine of the University of Sao Paulo, told Endocrine Today. “It can boost the metabolic merits as well as give protection to bone mass whilst blended with the surgical operation.”
Gualano and colleagues analyzed data from 70 ladies with excessive obesity (BMI 40 kg/m² or 35 kg/m² with comorbidities; seven girls withdrew beforehand surgical procedure) aged 25 to 55 years, recruited thru the bariatric and metabolic surgical operation unit of University of Sao Paulo Hospital. Before surgical procedure, researchers randomly assigned girls to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass plus undertaking schooling initiated 3 months after surgical procedure (n = 31; mean age, 40 years) or to bariatric surgical operation plus usual care (n = 32; mean age, 42 years).

The undertaking regimen consisted of a one-on-one, supervised software three times a week at the health center for 6 months. Training sessions focused on strengthening sporting events and aerobic endeavor on a treadmill. All patients were reassessed at 9 months after surgical procedure.

Primary influence was areal bone mineral density; secondary results were bone microarchitecture, bone turnover and biochemical markers.
Researchers found that, while compared with ladies who received regular postsurgical care, activity mitigated the % loss of areal BMD at the femoral neck (anticipated mean difference, –2.91; 95% CI, –0.85 to –4.98), complete hip (anticipated mean difference, –2.26; 95% CI, –0.58 to –3.93), distal radius (anticipated mean difference, –1.87; 95% CI, –0.1 to –3.64), and cortical volumetric BMD at distal radius (envisioned mean difference, –2.09; 95% CI, –0.29 to –3.9).

Researchers also found out that undertaking attenuated degrees of C-terminal telopeptide of classification 1 collagen (CTX; anticipated mean difference, –0.2 ng/mL; 95% CI, –0.08 to –0.33), procollagen classification 1 N-terminal propeptide (P1NP; envisioned mean difference, –17.59 ng/mL; 95% CI, –2.35 to –32.83) and sclerostin degrees (envisioned mean difference, –610 pg/mL; 95% CI, –11 to –1,209), in comparison with standard care.
 
Women with excessive obesity who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery followed via a 6-month activity application did not event the bone loss observed in identical women who underwent gastric bypass followed by means of commonplace care.
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Exercise become now not associated with changes in degrees of serum vitamin D, calcium, parathyroid hormone, phosphorus or magnesium, according to researchers.
“Post-surgical operation activity deserve to be incorporated into the patient’s routine to attenuate bone loss, which is one of the maximum severe unfavorable outcomes related to the surgical procedure,” Gualano said.
Gualano brought that it is essential to have in mind how activity protects bone in the postsurgical condition.
As Endocrine Today outdated reported, older adults who go through Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgical operation are more doubtless to event a nonvertebral fracture in comparison with those who undergo adjustable gastric banding. In a examine published in JAMA Surgery in May, researchers found that, among a cohort of virtually 30,000 adults, the ones who had Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were 73% more likely to experience a fracture (HR = 1.73; 95% CI, 1.45-2.08) and were also more probably to have hip (HR = 2.81; 95% CI, 1.82-4.49), wrist (HR = 1.7; 95% CI, 1.33-2.14) and pelvis (HR = 1.48; 95% CI, 1.08-2.07) fractures in comparison with the ones who had adjustable gastric banding.
“Sclerostin emerges as a abilities bone marker that may in part explain this effect, nonetheless experimental reviews should validate this hypothesis,” Gualano said. “In addition, we don’t recognize yet whether recreation can evade fractures in this population. Long-term trials regarding recreation are necessary.” – via Regina Schaffer
For more assistance :
Bruno Gualano, PhD, can be reached at Universidade de Sao Paulo, SP, BR, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455 Pacaembu, Sao Paulo, Brazil 01246-903; email:
Yu EW, et al. JAMA Surg. 2019; doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1157.

Disclosures: The authors document no applicable financial disclosures.